The fear of the Lord is the beginning of knowledge;
fools despise wisdom and instruction.
Proverbs 1:7 ESV
Proverbs is the third of the books of poetry after Job and Psalms. It’s author King Solomon, commonly called the wisest of all kings, led the nation of Israel to prosperity as we read in 1 Kings 4:20, 25. Elsewhere we also get a description of how wise King Solomon really is (1 Kings 4:30, 32-34). So here we have a collection of sayings from the wisest king who ever lived and in Proverbs 1:3 we get the purpose of the book: instructions to the reader on how to make decisions based on wisdom, justice, and righteousness.
Poetry in Proverbs comes in a variety of forms. The majority of the book is dominated by two-liners: short sayings that are easy to remember and apply such as Proverbs 25:17 and Proverbs 26:17. Next we have ones that supply a list of things such as Proverbs 6:16 and Proverbs 30:29-31. For those of you who’ve been at RGC in the earlier years, you’ll be familiar with this next one that’s called a Chiasm. A chiasm uses parallel lines that have corresponding themes but instead of being one after another, the parallel lines are first and last, the second and the second to last, and so on and so forth. There are a couple more but instead of describing them all, let’s get right into the overall structure of the book.
- Chapters 1-9 are a discourse on the advantages of wisdom. Here wisdom is personified as a female.
- Chapters 10-18 are two-liners that contrast wisdom and folly.
- Chapters 19-24 are two-liners that give some principles to follow in life.
- Chapters 25-29 are two-liners that talk about wickedness and righteousness.
- Chapter 30 are the words of Agur son of Jakeh.
- Chapter 31 is describes the women who fears the Lord.
Providentially, there are 31 chapters of Proverbs so it should be simple enough to go through a chapter a day for a month every month. Happy reading!