The intent of these “follow-up” additions to the sermon are for those who serve in the children’s ministry as well as for those who were absent at church. The hope is that it’ll add something to your midweek bible study as well as keep you up-to-date with the rest of the congregation.


  • As previously mentioned, the Beatitudes are paradoxical when you read them. They promise and demand from you attitudes that are contrary to the worlds’ expectations and teachings.
    • It’s happy to be poor in spirit? [cf. v.3] It’s happy to be sorrowful?
    • The sheer notion is contrary to the worldy teaching and principles. The world teaches that true happiness is getting things your way.
    • However, that’s not the case in Christ’s Kingdom (cf. Lk. 6:25)

What does Mourning Mean?

  • You could broadly portray three types of mournings.
  • Illegitimate Sorrows
    • Sorrows felt by those who are frustrated in fulfilling evil plans and lust or who have misguided loyalities and affection
      • I used the example of David and one of his son’s who lusted after his sister. He was so distraught that he was sorrowful yet his plans were evil.
  • Legitimate Mourning
    • Sorrows that are common to all mankind of which reasonable mourning is appropriate. This is valid and profitable as these sorrows and cries allow our souls to use it as an escape valve that keeps our feelings from festering and poisoning our emotions and life.
      • An example of this would be the death of a loved one.
    • Godly Sorrow
      • The mourning that Jesus is talking about in verse 4 isn’t illegitimate or legitimate, rather, it’s godly sorrow.
        • 2 Corinthians 7:10–11
          • Paul talks about godly sorrow.
          • It is a sorrow that brings spiritual life and growth in godly sorrow, sorrow over sin that leads to repentance. Godly sorrow is linked to repentance and repentance is linked to sin.
      • That’s why there’s a logical flow from verse 3 to verse 4. It begins with a recognition of our spiritual poverty [v.3] to a godly sorrow over sin which leads to repentance.
        • [v.4] the sorrow that Jesus has in mind is a deep inner agony.
          • Our happiness comes with what God does in response to our mourning over sin. The forgiveness that God brings gives us happiness.
          • Godly mourning brings God’s forgiveness which brings God’s happiness.
          • True godly mourning over sin doesn’t focus on ourselves or even on our sin rather it focuses on God. God alone forgives and removes our sin.

The Outcome of Mourning

  • Look at the 2nd half of verse 4. The outcome of godly mourning is blessings. It’s not the mourning that blesses but the comfort God gives to those who mourn in a godly way.
  • Like all other blessings of God, it’ll be completed only when we see our Lord face-to-face.
  • The comfort of v.4 is future only in the sense that the blessings come after obedience; the comfort comes after the mourning.
  • Happiness comes to sad people because their godly sadness leads to God’s comfort.
    • Matthew 11:28

The Way to Mourn

  • 3 Focuses when you mourn:
    • Remove Any Hinderances
      • What keeps you from mourning? What things make you content with yourself? Makes you resistant God’s Spirit and question His Word and hardens your heart?
        • Any love of Sin?
        • Any Despair?
          • Despair is giving up on God, refusing to believe that He can save and help
        • Conceit
        • Pride
        • Procrastination
    • Read, Study, and Absorb the Word of God
    • Pray

How To Know If You Are Mourning

  • Are you sensitive to sin? Do you laugh at sin? Do you trivialize it?
  • What’s your sense of God’s forgiveness?

    “Those who sow in tears shall reap with shouts of joy! [6] He who goes out weeping, bearing the seed for sowing, shall come home with shouts of joy, brining his shaves with him.”

Blessed are the Sorrowful

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